XXVII ENCUENTRO INTERNACIONAL DE FOLKLORE CIUDAD DE ZARAGOZA

Participating formations 2019

Tinku Quillacollo BOLIVIA

The folkloric group of the Tinku Quillacollo Folkloric Brotherhood of Cochabamba Bolivia was founded by D. Severino Tarifa García. His performances are based on the traditional Tinku dance.

The TINKU is a ritual and a folkloric dance that takes place in north of Potosí, Bolivia. The meaning of the word Tinku is "encounter" (from the Quechua word tinkuy, to be found). The meaning of the word Tinku in Quechua is "encounter" and in Aymara it means "physical attack". It is necessary to mention that the "Dance of the tinku", whose creation is of the XX century,must not be confused with the "ceremonial Ritual of the Tinku", that is pre-inca.

The Tinku is a pre-Inca ritual but with a mixture of the Christian religion that is practiced annually for several days in the communities of the northern region of the department of Potosí; more properly, it is lived every year around May 3, the Feast of the Cross in Macha, Chayanta province, 165 kilometers from Potosí that receives 62 communities that will be beaten in the tinku. The Tinku is native to the region where the Laymes and Jukumanis live.

It is practiced as a ceremonial ritual mixing with the custom, philosophy and religion of the native peoples for their mystical devotion. Within the Tinku there is also music and dance (the communities usually start up playing the rhythms of Jula-Jula and the zapateo to the rhythm of the tunes.

The rhythm of the music is slightly accelerated with various changes in tone, but monotonous in time. The dance in this rhythm is a representation of the Tinku ceremony or encounter. Two groups are formed, distinguished by the color of the clothes, each group representing a town for the encounter. The tinku dance is performed to the rhythm of the music relatively crouched in most of the choreography. In some case or according to the step the men carry the cap in their hands.

The representation of the arrival to the place of ceremony, the way of sharing the traditional coca and alcohol is made. At the end of the dance as a dance both groups are accommodated for the ritual of the fight itself.